The major risk factors of CVD- Sayali Kulkarni
(1) Lipids – Epidemiological studies show a relationship between total cholesterol and atherosclerosis. Accumulation of LDL C leads to atherosclerosis and later develops into CVD (Cardiovascular disease). However by lowering the LDL-C, a risk of CVD can be reduced. Also, High density lipoprotein cholesterol helps to remove LDL cholesterol from the arteries. Therefore, by raising the HDL-C levels, a risk of CVD can be reduced.
(2) Hypertension - systolic and diastolic blood pressure has a continuous association with CVD. Hypertension results in stroke or myocardial infarction. However Antihypertensive therapy can be used to reduce the risk of CVD.
(3) Smoking – smokers are at high risk of myocardial infarction or heart failure. This risk is related to number of cigarettes smoked each day. Avoiding smoking as a preventive measure can reduce the risk of CVD.
(4) Diabetes - Diabetes is directly associated with low HDL-C, high BP and obesity which ultimately contributes to developing a risk of CVD. Also when the blood sugar is not controlled there is high risk to develop CVD. People with diabetes have early atherosclerosis.
(5) Physical inactivity – An inactive lifestyle leads to increased blood cholesterol, and obesity which in turn increases the risk of CHD. Whereas regular physical activities reduce the risk of CVD.
(6) Obesity - Excess weight puts the more workload on heart. Obesity is also associated with diabetes, blood pressure, blood cholesterol. Maintaining a moderate weight can lower the risk of CVD.
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER
Sign up, if you haven't yet, to subscribe for Iambiomed. Our newsletters will light up your inbox.