BIOMED ARENA    Volume:1, Issue:1, May 2015 

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Robotics in Healthcare   -Review Article


EXOSKELETON:

Exoskeleton is a wearable, bionic suit allows paralyzed patients to regain the ability to stand upright and walk. It helps survivors of stroke, spinal cord injury and other forms of lower extremity weakness to walk again. The 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil made history when a 29-year-old paraplegic man named Juliano Pinto kicked a soccer ball with the aid of a robotic exoskeleton during the opening ceremony in Sao Paulo.

 

 

DIAGNOSIS

Diagnostic robots are diagnosis tools in the form of a physical robot or a software expert system. Super computer IBM Watson is learning to make cancer diagnosis and treatment recommendations.

 

 

TELEMEDICINE

Robots allow for real-time communication between patients and remote medical providers. Robots are used before, during, and after surgery and for cardiovascular, neurological, prenatal, psychological, critical care, and examination uses. The robot allows for real-time audio and video communication between patients and hospital attendants and a remote physician.

In addition to allowing a physician to control the robot remotely from a computer, the robot has the ability to map its own environment for future reference and sense objects in its path and move around without interfering in a busy hospital setting

 

 

DRONES:

Dronesare being used in remote areas to deliver medical supplies. The ambulance-drone is capable of saving lives with an integrated defibrillator. This drone folds up and becomes a toolbox for all kind of emergency supplies. Future implementations will also serve other use cases such as drowning, diabetes, respiratory issues and traumas.

 

 

HOSPITAL AUTOMATION

Pharmaceutical dispensing systems are being used to pack prescriptions more efficiently and accurately.  They create better workflow to improve how medications are managed.

Pneumatic Hospital transport system is an innovative means of transporting services in modern Hospitals. It helps hospitals to meet patient needs by efficiently transporting drugs, documents and specimens to and from nurses’ stations, labs, inpatient and outpatient pharmacies, blood banks and the ED (emergency department). This system saves not only time, but also space.  Pneumatic tube system helps increase efficiency since the staff is no longer busy running errands, allowing the wards to stay occupied all the time.



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